YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK (USA)

INTRODUCTION

Though filled with an astonishing array of geologic wonders—geysers, hot springs, fumaroles, canyons and waterfalls — Yellowstone is perhaps most remarkable as a wildlife sanctuary. The world’s first national park, Yellowstone National Park, was established on March 1, 1872. Yellowstone is famous for hosting more than 10,000-plus hot springs and geysers, the majority of the planet’s total. Its geothermal wonders are created by one of the world’s largest active volcanoes. It’s most popular geyser is known as Old Faithful.

KEY ATTRACTIONS

Old Faithful – Old Faithful erupts more frequently than any of the other big geysers and is still as spectacular as it was a century ago. It was named for its consistent performance by members of the Washburn Expedition in 1870. It can shoot at least 30,000 litres of boiling water for anywhere between 2–5 minutes.

Mammoth Hot Springs: Mineral-laden hot water flows from springs, depositing calcite and other substances in its wake. Over time, these deposits form large terraces and other shapes. Some of the terraces grow several inches per day.

Norris Geyser Basin: One of the park’s many spectacular thermal areas, and home to Steamboat Geyser, the world’s largest geyser, which can throw water more than 300 feet into the air when it erupts.

Roaring Mountain: A collection of steam vents and hot springs which make noises ranging from a nearly inaudible whisper to a roar that can be heard miles away.

Gibbon Falls: These 84-foot falls tumble down a staircase-like rock.

Madison River: The River creates a canyon with steep, tree-covered rock walls on each side.

Yellowstone Lake: This is the largest freshwater lake at an elevation over 8,000 feet in the country. The Yellowstone River empties out into the lake.

The Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone: Chemical processes over time have left stripes and patches of different colors in the rock of this canyon. Depths of the canyon reach 800-1200 feet.

The Upper and Lower Falls of the Yellowstone: These are the two largest waterfalls in the park. The Upper Falls creates a small canyon while the large Lower Falls creates the Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone.

Hayden Valley: Hayden Valley is home to a large number of animals, and includes the infamous Mud Volcano. National Historical Landmarks include the rustic Old Faithful Inn, the Fort Yellowstone – Mammoth Hot Springs Historic District, Obsidian Cliff and the Lake Village. Yellowstone National Park is not only famous for its massive numbers of geologic features; it is also famous for the abundance of wildlife.

GETTING AROUND

Most visitors use private vehicles to get around inside Yellowstone National Park. There is no public transportation available within the park.